The fauna of Costa Rica is as diverse as its flora. Nevertheless do not expect wild animals to show up everywhere. The dense vegetation of the tropical rain forests offer protection and food and are therefore a home for several animal-species.
Well camouflaged in the almost impenetrable verdant of the most complex ecological system of the earth, many animals can hardly be seen. But with a little patience and well trained eyes one can catch sight of numerous animals for sure, above all the many colorful birds, monkeys and other mammals as well as different reptiles and amphibians.
Here is a small selection of the different animal species in Costa Rica:
Over 200 species of mammals can be found in Costa Rica, most of them -50% to be accurate, are bats. Monkeys can be seen frequently.
In Costa Rica four different species of monkeys reside. These belong to the group of the broad noses and to the family of the capuchin-likes. They live as day-active tree inhabitants in pairs or groups of 10 to 40 animals.
Watching wild cats in nature, ranks is an extremely rare event, since they are rather shy and become active usually only at night. The six different occurring species live very withdrawn in different parts of the country. For the preservation of these graceful animals, different projects have been started, for example the ocelot protection program in Punto Uva in southern Costa Rica.
In Costa Rica there are 6 representatives of this family, in which 16 species are found in the Americas.
Hispid cotton rat
Spiny pocket mouse
Bats have a very broad nutrition spectrum: Most species are insectivors or feed from fruits or nectar or even fish.
Additionally there are three species, which feed from the blood of vertebrate animals, the famous "Vampires". Most of the100 in Costa Rica living bat-species are quite small. Bats are night-active animals.
There are marsupials not only in Australia, but also on the American continent. The night-active animals are skilled climbers and inhabit therefore also the tree regions in the Costa Rican forests.
Little silky anteater
Red brocket deer
Costa Rica is despite its small size, is a true bird paradise. With all its various varieties, it offers home and place of refuge to approximately 850 spieces of birds.
Great Horned Owl
With world-wide around the 4,000 species in 35 families, the singing birds represent the largest subordination. The sparrow birds, which indicates altogether approximately 5,000 different species.
The 330 species of hummingbirds comprise the second largest, and undoubtedly the bestknown, strictly New World avian family. In Costa Rica 52 hummingbird-species can be found. The "jewels of the rain forest" are notable for their small size, 2 ¼ -8" and 2 to 20g, iridescent colors, manner of flight, which relates to their spezialisation for nectar feeding. Hummingbirds are important pollinators, they take the place of bees and pollinate a multitude of flowers. Hummingbird flight involves rapid wingbeats (200 per sec.) and a unique rotarion of the entire wing enables these small birds to fly in any direction or even hovering in place - both are essential for extracting nectar from the mostly red, purple and/or yellow flowers. Floral tubes often correspond closely to the form of their chief pollinators bill.
With some 332 living species, parrots can be found almost everywhere in the tropics, some extend into the subtropics and a few even to the more temperate regions.
Great Green Macaw
Great Blue Heron
American White Pelican
Marsh and Stream Birds
135 species, only 18 poisonous, live in Costa Rica.
Jesus Christ Lizard
160 species, that are 8% of the worldwide ocurring amphibians, live in Costa Rica.
Frogs need generally live in moist areas. In Costa Rica they live well protected mostly in tree holes and bromeliads. Many species are brightly colored, which in many cases indicates they are poisonous.
Gaudy Leaf Frog
Poison Dart Frogs
Mexican Burrowing Toad
Insects and Spiders
About 750.000 insect-species are currently known to live in Costa Rica, although figures over 1 million are estimated. Today the number of insect-species is about 2/3 of the worldwide known animal species. Spiders are represented by approximately 20.000 species.
Costa Rica houses about 1.400 butterfly-species, that is about 10% of the worldwide distributed species.
Extreme diversity of species within the insect family include approx. 280,000 species among ants and with almost 10.000 species, in the family of bees, wasps, bumble-bees,...
Celebrating our 25th anniversary Amadeus Travel CR wants to use this opportunity to thank all our customers for travelling with us. We feel very pleased with the honor to have received the highest possible certification regarding sustainable tourism by the National Tourism Institute of Costa Rica. It encourages us to achieve the highest possible standards in terms of the quality of our tours and the education and training of our team.