Nature Pure
Flora

In Costa Rica about 12.000 plant species ( that´s 4 % of the worlds known species) can be found. Diverse ecological habitats offer a living space for a wealth of plants in a small country of only 51.000 km²

 

Here we want to introduce you to some of them:

 

Plants of the rain forest:

  • Mahogany
  • Kapok tree
  • Balsa tree
  • Cecropia or cannon tree
  • Caoutchouc tree
  • Cocoa-tree

 

Fig-tree: The genus Ficus, with about 800 species. One of the most interesting tropical plant-families is the Moraceae. Fruits of fig-trees are food for birds and monkeys, which function as seed dispersers. A young Ficus plant lives epiphytic on trees until its roots reach the ground. As time passes, the roots get stronger and thicker and wind around the host-tree. This stops the tree´s supply of water and nutrients. Eventually, the tree is dies, and that is why the spanish calls them "matapalo" meaning "tree-killer".

  • Black palm
  • Zapotill

Tree-ferns: In Costa Rica one can find about 800 fern-species, 300 of them are tree-ferns reaching heights of up to 12m.

  • Window leaves

Orchids: Over 1400 species in Costa Rica, one of them, Cattleya skinerii, is the national flower. Fans of orchids and flowers in common should not miss a visit of one of Costa Ricas´ botanical gardens, like Jardin Lankester in Cartago.

  • Bromelias
  • Gunnera insignis
  • Heliconias
  • Passion flowers

 

The Tropical Dry Forest

The tropical dry forest is characterized by the shedding of leaves, relatively low diversity of species and many adaptations to the aridity, like succulents. In Costa Rica you can experience the tropical dry forest in Sta.Rosa-nationalpark. This unique vegetation type is the rest of a former huge wooded area, that covered the entire pacific coast from Mexico to South-Ecuador.

 

Plants of the Dry Forest

  • Cashew-tree
  • Golden -shower-tree
  • Golden-trumpet-tree
  • Calabash-tree
  • Pochote
  • Guanacaste-tree: The national tree of Costa Rica is well adapted to the dry climate. The province Guanacaste is named after this tree.

 

Coastal Vegetation

Along the coastal regions on both sides, Atlantic and Pacific, a salt-tolerant vegetation could establish.

  • Coco-palm
  • Sea Grape
  • Indian almond-tree
  • Manzanillo-tree

 

Aquatic plants

  • Aquatic hyacinth
  • Mangroves

 

Ornamental plants

  • Coral tree
  • Bougainvillea
  • Poinsettia
  • White angels trumpet
  • Hibiscus
  • Travelers tree
  • Rubber tree

 

Useful Plants

  • Anatto
  • Rhizinus
  • Teak tree
  • Sugar cane
  • Breadfruit tree
  • Manioc
  • Rice

 

Fruits

  • Pineapple
  • Avocado
  • Banana
  • Baumtomate
  • Sugar apple
  • Guava
  • Mango
  • Papaya
  • Carambola
  • Tamarind

Celebrating our 25th anniversary Amadeus Travel CR wants to use this opportunity to thank all our customers for travelling with us. We feel very pleased with the honor to have received the highest possible certification regarding sustainable tourism by the National Tourism Institute of Costa Rica. It encourages us to achieve the highest possible standards in terms of the quality of our tours and the education and training of our team.